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The kiddie tax applies to unearned income that belongs to a child. It means that if your child has unearned income more than $2,100, some of it will be taxed at your tax rate. This rule applies to children who:
If your child's tax rate is higher than yours, your child pays tax at the higher rate. To learn more see the Kiddie Tax tax tip.
You can report a child's investment income on either your return or on your child's return. If your child received earned income or income from a sale of stock, you must file a separate return for your child. Report sales of stock on Form 1099-B.
Consider filing a separate return for your child. The disadvantages of reporting your child’s income on your return include:
It might be better to file a separate return for your child if your child:
When you report your child's investment income on your return, file Form 8814 with your return. If the child files his or her own return and the kiddie tax applies, file Form 8615 with the child's return.
To learn more, see Publication 929: Tax Rules for Children and Dependents at www.irs.gov.