Children and Investment Income in header of articles
Children and Investment Income in content page of articles
The kiddie tax requires a child's investment income to be taxed at his or her parents' marginal tax rate in some situations. If your child has investment income totaling more than $1,900 , some of it will be taxed at your tax rate. This rule applies to children who:
Have more than $1,900 of investment income
Have at least 1 living parent
Are under age 18 at year’s end or under age 24 at year’s end if a full-time student
If your child's tax rate is higher than yours, your child pays tax at the higher rate. See The Kiddie Tax tax tip to learn more.
You can report a child's investment income on either your return -- if certain conditions apply -- or on your child's return. If your child has earned income or a sale of stock (reported on Form 1099-B), you must file a separate return for your child.
Consider filing a separate return for your child. The disadvantages of reporting your child’s income on your return include:
You might have to pay more tax. Adding income to your return could:
Limit your IRA deduction
Limit your student-loan interest deduction
Limit your tuition and fees deduction
Reduce the amount of some itemized deductions
Your adjusted gross income (AGI) might increase, which:
Could affect your eligibility for certain credits, like the:
American Opportunity Credit
Lifetime Learning Credit
Earned Income Credit
Child and dependent care credit
Could lead you to pay the Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) or increase the amount of AMT you owe
You can't claim deductions on your return that your child would be eligible for if he or she filed a separate return.
It might be better to file a separate return for your child if your child:
Has investment expenses or other itemized deductions
Is affected by early withdrawal of savings
When you report your child's investment income on your return, you must file Form 8814 with your return. If the child files his or her own return and the kiddie tax applies, file Form 8615 with the child's return.
To learn more, see IRS Publication 929: Tax Rules for Children and Dependents.