Most interest you receive that’s available for a withdrawal is taxable income. Ex: Interest on bank accounts, money-market accounts, and deposited insurance dividends.
If you receive taxable interest on a regular basis, you might have to pay estimated tax. However, interest on insurance dividends you leave on deposit with the Department of Veterans Affairs isn’t taxable.
You usually don't have to report interest on Series EE and Series I U.S. Savings Bonds until the earlier of the date:
You redeem the bonds.
You dispose of the bonds.
The bonds mature.
However, if you expect to be in a higher tax bracket when you redeem the bonds, it might be to your advantage to report the interest annually. You can exclude interest from bonds issued after 1989 from income if you:
Pay qualified higher educational expenses during the year
Meet other requirements
Certain distributions commonly referred to as dividends are actually interest. They include dividends on deposits or share accounts in:
Domestic savings and loan associations
Federal savings and loan associations
Mutual savings banks
You might need to include part of the original issue discount in your income each year as interest if you have 1 of these issued at a discount:
Other debt instrument
You must show the amount of any tax-exempt interest you received during the tax year. This is an information-reporting requirement only and doesn’t convert tax-exempt interest to taxable interest.
From each payer of interest of $10 or more, you should receive 1 if these:
Statement similar to a 1099-INT or 1099-OID
The form or statement will show the interest you must report.
Form 1099-INT also will show any tax-exempt interest that’s taxable for the Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT). Enter this interest only on Form 6251.