Employee Business Expenses in content page of articles
You can deduct unreimbursed employee business expenses if both of these are true:
You’re an employee.
You itemize your tax deductions.
If you’re eligible to be reimbursed for job-related costs, but you don’t request to be paid back, you can’t deduct the costs.
The total of your employee business expenses must be more than 2% of your adjusted gross income (AGI) to be deductible. Some common business expenses you can deduct are:
Business liability or malpractice insurance premiums -- You can deduct insurance premiums you pay for:
Protection against personal liability for wrongful acts on the job
Professional negligence resulting in injury or damage to patients or clients
Business use of home expenses -- You can deduct part of the operating expenses and depreciation of your home if both of these apply:
You use a part of your home regularly and exclusively for business purposes.
You're required to work at home for the convenience of your employer.
To learn more, see the Home Office Deduction tax tip.
Rent paid for business space or equipment you use in your job
Dues to professional societies or a chamber of commerce -- If membership in an organization benefits your job, you can deduct the dues you pay. This includes organizations like:
Bar or medical associations
Boards of trade
Civic or public service organizations like Kiwanis, Lions, or Rotary clubs
Subscriptions to professional journals and trade magazines related to work
Work-related education -- You can deduct the cost of education that either:
Maintains or improves the skills required by your current job
Is required by your employer
Deductible expenses include amounts paid for:
You can't deduct these expenses if:
The course isn't related to your job or qualifies you for a new trade or profession.
You're required to take classes to meet the minimum educational requirements in effect when you first got the job.
Job-search expenses -- You can deduct expenses you incur while searching for a new job in your current occupation. This is true even if you don't find one. Expenses you can deduct include:
Costs of preparing or having a resume prepared
Postage for mailing resumes or other job-search correspondence
Mileage and parking fees
Travel expenses if the trip’s primary purpose is to look for a new job
Licenses, regulatory fees, and occupational taxes -- You can deduct the amount you pay each year to your state or local government for licenses and regulatory fees for your:
You can also deduct an occupational tax if it's both:
Charged at a flat rate by a locality
For the privilege of working or conducting a business in the locality
Medical and eye exams required by your employer
Supplies and general office or operating expenses -- You can deduct the cost of tools that wear out and you throw away within 1 year from the date of purchase. However, you must depreciate the cost of tools that both:
Have a useful life beyond 1 year
Cost $100 or more
Phone expenses -- You can deduct the cost of:
Long-distance calls made for business
Phone features you use strictly for business
You can't deduct the base rate of the first phone line into your home. You can deduct the cost of a second business line.
Travel expenses -- These are those incurred while traveling away from your home overnight for your employer. Travel expenses include:
Cost of getting to and from your business destination
Meals and lodging while away from home
Cleaning and laundry expenses while away from home
To learn more, see the Business Travel Expenses tax tip.
Transportation expenses -- You can deduct the cost of getting from one workplace to another when you're not traveling away from home. Figure your car expenses by either:
Deducting actual expenses
Using the standard mileage rate
To learn more, see the Car and Truck Expenses tax tip.
Entertainment and meals -- If it’s directly before or after a substantial and bona fide business-related discussion, you can deduct 50% of entertainment expenses. This includes entertainment-related meals. To learn more, see the Meals and Entertainment tax tip.
Gifts -- You can deduct the cost of gifts up to a maximum of $25 per year per current or prospective customer. However, items costing $4 or less and have your name permanently imprinted on them don't count towards the $25 gift limit. This includes things like pens, desk sets, and plastic bags.
Union dues and expenses, including initiation fees
Work clothes, uniforms, and protective clothing -- You can deduct the cost of protective clothing required in your work, like:
Safety shoes or boots
If you're required to wear a uniform for your job, you can deduct the costs of the uniform and its care, like:
The uniform must not be suitable for wearing every day. Ex: If you're a postal carrier or police officer, you can deduct the cost of your uniform. However, you can't deduct the cost of business suits or dresses that a job or professional organization requires you to wear. That attire is suitable for everyday wear not associated with work.
To learn more, see IRS Publication 529: Miscellaneous Deductions.