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When do I have to pay self-employment tax on a self-employment tax form?

Self-employment tax is intended to cover the employer and employee’s share of Social Security and Medicare tax. You must pay self-employment tax if you have either of these:

  • $400 or more in net self-employment earnings as reported on Schedule C for sole proprietors and independent contractors
  • $108.28 or more in church-employee income, if the church elected exemption from Social Security and Medicare tax and you’re not exempt

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So how much will you get (or owe) this year? That’s the million-dollar question. We happen to have three very useful calculators to help you estimate your refund or balance due.

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