Tax Deadlines for Expats

Just like most taxpayers in the United States are required to file U.S. tax returns and pay any taxes due by April 15 (unless an extension applies), expats living and working in another country as a U.S. citizen are also required to file.

However, if you're living abroad, the rules for expat tax filing and deadlines are a little different.

Expat tax deadlines for the 2020 tax year

Typically, expat tax deadlines are consistent each year, with the exception of 2020 and the Coronavirus extensions. Review coronavirus (COVID-19) tax impacts for U.S. expats living abroad.

The U.S. reports on a calendar-year basis, meaning you’re taxed on income on a January 1 – December 31 basis. Your expat tax deadlines are as follows:

Filing deadline April 15, 2021
Filing deadline for expats June 15, 2021
Filing deadline with automatic extension October 15, 2021
Deadline to pay tax due June 15, 2021
FBAR deadline (FinCEN Form 114) October 15, 2021

Do I have to pay U.S. taxes if I live abroad?

Man looking at expat tax deadlines for U.S. citizens overseas

Expats are required to file U.S. tax returns each year, but sometimes tax benefits (like the Foreign Earned Income Exclusion and Foreign Tax Credit) available to them result in no U.S. taxes owed. However, if any of the following situations apply to you, it's possible that you may still owe U.S. taxes.

  • You live and work in a country with lower tax rates than the U.S.
  • You're not taxed on your foreign investments, or
  • You still receive income from U.S. sources

Estimated tax payment deadlines for U.S. citizens overseas

If you're living outside the U.S. and usually owe U.S. taxes, you may need to make quarterly estimated tax payments to the IRS. An expat tax expert can help you figure those quarterly payments so you can avoid end-of-year penalties.

Quarterly Income and Expat Self Employment Tax Deadlines

1st installment quarterly income and self-employment taxes April 15, 2021
2nd installment quarterly income and self-employment taxes June 15, 2021
3rd installment quarterly income and self-employment taxes September 15, 2021
4th installment quarterly income and self-employment taxes January 15, 2022

Tax extensions for expats

Your U.S. tax information is still reported on a calendar-year basis even if you are living in a country that taxes on a fiscal year rather than a calendar year basis (the United Kingdom and Australia, for example).

If you’re worried about getting your taxes done by the deadline, requesting an extension can give you more time to gather information before the end of the tax year of the country where you live. H&R Block’s Expat Tax Services is here to help you with tax extensions — simply choose to file with an Expat Tax Advisor and they’ll handle your paperwork for you.

FBAR filing deadline

Your FBAR deadline is usually the same as the deadline for your tax return. For example, if you’re living abroad, then the deadline to file your return is typically June 15, which is also your FBAR deadline. For the 2019 tax year, the deadline was extended to July 15, 2020. While your FBAR deadline is the same as the deadline for your tax return, the Treasury automatically files extensions for all filers so you have until October 15 to file without penalties.

Visit the FBAR & FATCA Information page to learn more.

Get your expat taxes done on time with H&R Block’s Expat Tax Services

No matter if you’re early, on-time, or behind, we’ve got a tax solution for you — whether you want to be in the driver’s seat with our DIY online expat tax service designed for U.S. citizens abroad or prefer to let one of our experienced tax advisors take the wheel.

Ready to get the tax season over with? Start the process with virtual Expat Tax Preparation from H&R Block today!