What should I do if my deductions exceed income earned?
If your deductions exceed income earned and you had tax withheld from your paycheck, you might be entitled to a refund.
You may also be able to claim a net operating loss (NOLs). A Net Operating Loss is when your deductions for the year are greater than your income in that same year. You can use your Net Operating Loss by deducting it from your income in another tax year. Whether you can deduct a NOL from a tax year depends on the type of deductions you have.
To qualify for a Net Operating Loss, the loss you have incurred should be caused by deductions from:
Trade or business
As an employee
Relocation or moving
To support your claim of a Net Operating Loss you will need to keep accurate records for any tax year that is considered a NOL for three (3) years after you have used the carryback/carryforward or 3 years after the carry forward expires.
To learn more about Net Operating Loss (NOLs), visit IRS Publication 536: Net Operating Losses for Individuals, Estates and Trusts at https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p536.pdf.