Question

What are the requirements for claiming college student on taxes as a dependent for Earned Income Credit (EIC) purposes?

Answer

Regarding requirements for claiming full-time college student as your qualifying child for EIC purposes, the student must:

  • Be under age 24 if a full-time student for five months during the year — and be younger than you or your spouse if married filing jointly
  • Be one of these:
    • Your son, daughter, stepson, stepdaughter, or eligible foster child
    • Your brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, half brother, or half sister
    • A descendent of one of those listed above
  • Be a U.S. citizen, U.S. national, or U.S. resident
  • Not file a joint return, unless that return is only to claim a refund
  • Have a valid Social Security number (SSN)
  • Not have any other person claiming college student on their taxes for the EIC.

Related Topics

Related Resources

Filing for a Deceased Taxpayer

If you need help handling an estate, we're here to help. Learn how to file taxes for a deceased loved one with H&R Block.

What’s Your Filing Status?

Choosing the wrong filing status is a common mistake. Do you know what your tax filing status is? Read on to learn about filing statuses with H&R Block.

Don’t Overlook the 5 Most Common Tax Deductions

From retirement account contributions to self-employment expenses, learn more about the five most common tax deductions with the experts at H&R Block.

New Baby, New House or New Spouse? How Major Life Changes Affect Your Taxes

Getting married? Having a baby? Buying a house? Go through your life events checklist and see how each can affect your tax return with the experts at H&R Block.