Question

What are the requirements for claiming college student on taxes as a dependent for Earned Income Credit (EIC) purposes?

Answer

Regarding requirements for claiming full-time college student as your qualifying child for EIC purposes, the student must:

  • Be under age 24 if a full-time student for five months during the year — and be younger than you or your spouse if married filing jointly
  • Be one of these:
    • Your son, daughter, stepson, stepdaughter, or eligible foster child
    • Your brother, sister, stepbrother, stepsister, half brother, or half sister
    • A descendent of one of those listed above
  • Be a U.S. citizen, U.S. national, or U.S. resident
  • Not file a joint return, unless that return is only to claim a refund
  • Have a valid Social Security number (SSN)
  • Not have any other person claiming college student on their taxes for the EIC.

Related Topics

Related Resources

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act

Are you eligible for tax credits through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act? Learn more and get tax answers at H&R Block.

Tax Credits For Higher Education

Are you eligible for tax credits when pursuing higher education? Learn more about these credits and get tax answers at H&R Block.

Can I receive a tax refund if I owe for a prior year’s federal taxes since I am currently making payments under an insta

Can I claim a family member who lives with me, but is not my child, as a nondependent for Earned Income Credit (EIC) pur

Learn whether you can claim a family member who's not your child but who lives with you as a nondependent for EIC purposes with advice from H&R Block.