Question

If someone (other than a qualifying child) who lives with me and is unemployed, can I claim he or she as a Dependent Relative?

Answer

Maybe. You might be able to claim the person as Qualifying Relative Dependent. To do so, all of these requirements must true:

  • The person is your relative or your spouses (if married filing jointly) or has lived with you the entire year (365 days).
  • The person’s gross income was less than $4,150.
  • You paid more than half of the person’s support for the year.
  • The person isn’t a qualifying child of any other taxpayer.
  • The person isn’t filing a joint return, unless it’s only to claim a refund of taxes withheld or estimated taxes paid. Also, there would be no tax liability for either the person or the person’s spouse if filing separate returns.
  • The person is one of these:
    • U.S. citizen
    • U.S. national
    • Resident of the United States, Canada, or Mexico
  • You (or your spouse) can’t be claimed as a dependent.

Related Topics

Related Resources

How Does Changing Jobs Affect Your Tax Return?

Changing jobs can come with tax implications like job search and moving expense deductions. Learn more about these potential benefits at H&R Block.

What Is an Enrolled Agent or EA?

What does it mean to be an enrolled agent? Learn more about the roles and requirements of enrolled agent (EA) tax preparers at H&R Block.

What Is Virtual Tax Preparation?

Virtual tax preparations let you complete your taxes online from the comfort of your home. Find out how easy remote tax preparations can be at H&R Block.

What Types of Tax Preparers Are There?

Tax preparers can have various designation and specialties. Learn how different types of tax preparers at H&R Block can help you in person or virtually.