Can I claim a non-child relative as a dependent?
Yes. To claim this family member, he or she must meet these requirements to be a Qualifying Child or Qualifying Relative:
Under the qualifying child rules:
- Your qualifying dependent must live with you for more than half the year.
- The qualifying dependent must be one of these:
- Under age 19 at the end of the year and younger than you (or your spouse if married filing jointly)
- Under age 24 at the end of the tax year and younger than you (or your spouse if married filing jointly)
- Permanently and totally disabled
- The qualifying dependent can’t have provided more than half of his or her own support.
Under the qualifying relative rules:
- Not qualify as somebody else’s qualifying child or qualifying relative
- Live with you the entire year (365 days) or be one of these:
- Your child, stepchild, foster child, or a descendant of any of them
- Your brother, sister, half brother, half sister, stepbrother, or stepsister or a descendant of any of them
- Your father, mother, grandparent, or stepparent, but not a foster parent
- Your son-in-law, daughter-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law, brother-in-law, or sister-in-law
- Your uncle, aunt, nephew, or niece
- Earn less than $4,050
- Receive more than half of his or her support for the year from you
To claim a dependent, these must also be true:
- He or she can only have filed jointly with his or her spouse to claim a refund of the taxes withheld. Also, if he or she were to have filed separately from his or her spouse, neither would have owed taxes.
- The dependent is one of these:
- U.S. citizen
- U.S. resident alien
- U.S. national
- Resident of Canada or Mexico
You can’t qualify as a dependent on someone else’s return. This is true even if the other person doesn’t claim you on his or her return.
If your dependent child uses student loans, do they count as taxable income? Get answers about these and other tax questions with H&R Block.
Learn what to do if your dependent received a W2 and how that may impact your return with advice from the tax experts at H&R block.
Can you claim your adult child as a dependent? Learn about dependent requirements and get tax answers from H&R Block.
Can spouses be claimed as dependents? Learn more about this issue and get tax answers at H&R Block today.