Nontaxable Combat Pay
If you’re a member of the U.S. armed forces who serves in a combat zone, you:
- Might qualify to exclude certain pay from your income
- Have more time to make a qualified contribution to an IRA
Both of these must apply for a place to be considered a combat zone:
- It’s an area where U.S. armed forces are engaging in or have engaged in combat.
- The area is designated as a combat zone by a presidential executive order.
Combat zone income
You don’t have to report income received during service in a combat zone as gross income.
For any month you served in a combat zone, you don’t have to report these types of income:
- Active duty pay
- Imminent-danger pay and hostile-fire pay
- Reenlistment bonus
- Pay for accrued, unused leave, as determined by the Department of Defense
- Pay for duties as a member of the armed forces in:
- Post and station theaters
- Other non-appropriated fund activities
- Awards for suggestions, inventions, or scientific achievements. This applies if you made your submission in a month you served in a combat zone.
- Student loan repayments if you served in a combat zone in the year of service required to earn the repayment
If you’re a commissioned officer, the combat pay exclusion for any month is limited to the total of:
- The highest rate of enlisted pay
- Hostile-fire pay
- Imminent-danger pay
This limit doesn’t apply to commissioned warrant officers.
You don’t claim an exclusion for combat pay on your return. The excludable amount shouldn’t be in your W-2, Box 1 wages. If an excludable amount is in your Box 1 wages, you should get a corrected W-2. Nontaxable combat pay will usually be shown on your W-2, Box 12 with code Q.
If you served in a combat zone for one or more days in a particular month, you’re allowed the above exclusions for that entire month. Combat zone service includes periods when you’re:
- Absent from duty due to illness, wounds, or leave
- A prisoner of war or missing in action, if that status is kept for military-pay purposes
In some cases, you can also exclude military pay earned while hospitalized after leaving a combat zone. Your hospitalization must be due to a wound, disease, or injury incurred while you were serving in a combat zone.
Combat zone considerations
For tax purposes, military service outside a combat zone is treated the same as inside a combat zone if both of these apply:
- The Department of Defense determines the service is in direct support of combat zone military operations.
- The service qualifies you for special military pay for duty subject to hostile fire or imminent danger.
You’re not considered to be in a combat zone if any of these apply:
- You’re in a combat zone during leave from a duty station located outside the combat zone.
- You pass over or through a combat zone during a trip between two points outside a combat zone.
- You’re in a combat zone only for your personal convenience.
To learn more, see these tax tips:
- Military Income Inclusions
- Military Income Exclusions
- Military Moving Expenses
- Military Extensions
Learn more about freelance income tax with advice from the experts at H&R Block.
Retiring soon? Learn more about retirement income tax including annuity taxes from the tax professionals at H&R Block.
Are jury duty payments considered taxable income? Learn more from the tax experts at H&R Block.
How should you report business income or a loss? Learn more about self-employment income, hobby loss rules and other tax issues at H&R Block.