Question

Can an IRS tax lien be deducted from my refund and then send me any remaining refund?

Answer

It depends on the type of tax lien. Following are some lien examples that can result in debt offset that can reduce your refund:

  • Overdue federal tax debts
  • Past-due child support
  • Federal agency nontax debts
  • State income tax debt
  • Unemployment compensation debts owed to a state (for fraudulent wages paid or contributions due to a state fund)
  • Direct and guaranteed student loan repayments
  • Small Business Administration (SBA) loan repayments
  • Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) loan repayments

If this applies to you, the Department of Treasury’s Bureau of Fiscal Service (BFS) will take your refund to pay the debt. The BFS will send it to the agency you owe. The IRS will then give you a check or direct deposit for any remaining refund.

If there’s an offset, the BFS will send you a notice showing:

  • Original refund amount
  • Your offset amount
  • Agency receiving the payment
  • Address and phone number of the agency

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