If my spouse and I file separate returns, does the person who claims the child also get to claim all of the child expenses and child tax benefits?
Yes, if you are married filing separate, the spouse who claims the child as a dependent will also claim all the other tax benefits associated with the child. These benefits include:
- Child tax credit
- Exclusion from income for dependent or dependents care benefits, but the maximum amount is half the normal allowed.
However, you can each claim the medical expenses that you paid for your child, if you’re itemizing deductions.
Note: The credit for child and dependent care expenses is normally not available for MFS returns. And the EIC is never available for MFS returns.
You and your spouse can’t agree to splitting benefits between yourselves.
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If you’re itemizing deductions, the IRS generally allows you a medical expenses deduction if you have unreimbursed expenses that are more than 7.5% of your adjusted gross income for tax years 2017 or 2018. You can deduct the cost of care from several types of practitioners at various stages of care.
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Are you a K-12 educator? Are your classroom supplies paid out of pocket? This year, get schooled on important teacher tax deductions that may help you save cash when filing taxes.