What’s the Best Way to Pay Your Tax Bill
In 2016, about 29 million people filed their returns and owed taxes. Many people just pay the balance when they file – online or by check.
But what if you can’t pay in one lump sum?
You’re not out of luck. Here are three options.
1. Borrow the money.
This is a great option if you have someone willing to loan you the money, especially with no interest.
2. Pay with a credit card.
You may think about using a credit card now and paying off the balance over time. After all, you’ll get the points. But with some credit card interest rates topping 20%, it’s worth doing some extra math.
3. Work with the IRS.
Not everyone knows that the IRS will work with taxpayers who owe. Here’s more about the options you may have.
Ask for a little more time
If you just need more time to get the money together, you can ask the IRS for an extension of up to 120 days to pay your entire tax bill. Penalties and interest will accrue until you pay the full tax bill.
Set up a payment plan
If paying your entire bill upfront isn’t an option, the IRS offers several types of alternatives – like monthly payment plans (called installment agreements).
And the penalties and interest the IRS charges on your tax balance may not be as high as you think.
As of January 2018, the IRS charges a 4% interest rate on unpaid back taxes. The penalty for not paying (called the failure to pay penalty) is ½ percent per month, maxing out at 25% of the amount you owe for each tax year with a balance. In short, the annual cost would be 10% of what you owe (4% interest rate, plus 6% total penalty for the year).
But if you get into a payment plan with the IRS, you can lower your costs. The IRS will cut your failure to pay penalty in half – to 0.25% per month. This lowers your annual cost to about 7%.
The IRS offers several types of installment agreements, and even has options for people in hardship situations. Learn how to set up an agreement with the IRS to pay your taxes.
What not to do: Ignore it
Do the math if you owe taxes and can’t pay right away. You’ll need to decide what’s best for your situation.
But remember: The one thing not to do is ignore it and hope the issue goes away. If you don’t make arrangements with the IRS on your tax bill, the failure to pay penalty rate can double — to 1% per month when the IRS starts collection proceedings against you (with actions like liens and levies).
The moral of the story: File on time and work out an arrangement with the IRS for your outstanding tax balance. The sooner you do it, the less you’ll pay in the end.
An experienced tax professional can help you with your tax bill. Learn more about H&R Block’s Tax Audit & Notice Services. Or make an appointment for a free consultation with a local tax professional by calling 855-536-6504 or finding a local tax pro.
Get help from an IRS expert
H&R Block’s experts can solve any IRS problem, no matter how complex.
Learn about the different options when you can't pay or still owe money from a past return from the tax experts at H&R Block.
Get the facts from H&R Block about the four types of IRS penalty relief, and which IRS penalty relief option may be best for your situation.
Learn the three main benefits of engaging a power of attorney to research your IRS account and resolve your tax problems. Get the facts from the experts at H&R Block.
Learn what to do when you can’t pay your taxes – to avoid these 10 consequences of tax debt. Get the facts from the tax experts at H&R Block.
Liens and levies are tools the IRS uses to collect back taxes. Learn more about each one -- and how to avoid tax liens and levies by working with the IRS.
Get the facts from H&R Block about the widely available but little-known IRS penalty relief option called first-time penalty abatement.