Coronavirus financial relief: What help is there for college students and student loans?
Editor’s Note: This article was originally published on April 14, 2020.
Looking for updates how about the latest stimulus relief affects student loans? Check out our Coronavirus tax resource center for details.
In March 2020, the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (CARES Act) was enacted into law. The $2.2 trillion economic stimulus package offers assistance to millions of Americans currently affected by the coronavirus pandemic.
For most Americans, the CARES Act includes direct aid through several programs including expanded unemployment coverage, stimulus checks and…temporary federal student loan changes. Since that time, additional emergency relief measures extended some of these loan changes.
Read more about the CARES Act stimulus bill.
Let’s get into the details of how students and student loan holders can get help through the CARES Act and other opportunities.
How is the CARES Act impacting student loans?
The CARES Act has allocated billions to education, but despite giving federal student loan holders a break, it didn’t include loan forgiveness.
Here are the changes you can expect as a federal student loan holder:
Temporary suspension of federal student loan payments
The suspension of payments is automatic for federal student loan borrowers, so there’s nothing you need to do. Automatic payment suspensions will be in place starting March 13, 2020, through September 30, 2021. Originally these payments were suspended until September 30, 2020 and have since been further extended. Check your account online to make sure the suspension is in place.
If you made payments toward your loan after March 13, 2020, you might be able to get a refund — contact your lender for more details.
When it comes to your credit score and lender reporting, you should know that if your account is currently in good standing, loan companies will continue to report it as so. However, this suspension of payments will not wipe the slate clean if your account was past due or delinquent.
Temporary suspension on involuntary collections
Are you behind on your federal student loans? Under the CARES Act, all involuntary collections of student loan debt are suspended until September 30, 2021 (initially until September 30, 2020). This includes Social Security garnishment, wage garnishment, and seizure of your tax refund through the Treasury Offset Program.
If you’re participating in an existing loan rehabilitation program, suspended payments will count for the purposes of the rehabilitation program.
Temporary reduction of interest rate to 0%
The interest rate on all federal student loans is reduced to 0% until September 30, 2021 (initially September 30, 2020). This adjustment will be applied to all federally held student loans, regardless of their status.
Do ALL federal student loans qualify for relief under the CARES Act?
Most federal student loan borrowers will see an automatic pause on payments and involuntary collections. However, the CARES Act does exclude commercially held Federal Family Education Loans (FFEL) and some Perkins Loans.
What about private student loans and the CARES Act?
It’s important to remember that the above changes are only in place for federal student loans. The CARES Act rules for student loans do not apply to private loans; it’s up to each independent lender to implement policies and assist their customers during this time.
Some lenders are providing relief (such as temporarily suspending payments) on a case-by-case basis, so contact your lender directly for the most accurate info.
Though the CARES Act provides relief for most student loan borrowers, it’s not something that you can bank on and forget about. The best thing you can do right now is to stay informed and contact your loan provider with any questions regarding your account.
Also, if you haven’t filed your taxes yet this year, make sure you deduct up to the first $2,500 of student loan interest you paid in 2020. Every little bit helps. An H&R Block tax pro can answer any tax-related questions you have about your student loan.
For more info on how the coronavirus (COVID-19) will affect your student loans, visit the Department of Education’s FAQs page.
Stimulus payments and more: How else are college students getting help?
Thanks to stimulus relief bills, taxpayers across the country received assistance through stimulus checks, including some college students, if they qualify.
In order to get a stimulus payment, you can’t be a dependent for tax purposes. Generally, you could be considered a dependent for tax purposes if you are either:
- Under age 24 and a student, and did not provide more than half of your own support, or
- If your income was less than $4,200 in 2019 and someone else provided more than half of your support
If you’re not a dependent for tax purposes, and you otherwise qualify, you should get an EIP or stimulus payment from the government. Estimate how much you’ll receive with the H&R Block Stimulus Check Calculator.
The CARES Act distributed more than $6 billion dollars to colleges and universities through the Higher Education Emergency Relief Fund. This money will provide emergency financial aid grants to students whose education is now affected by the coronavirus outbreak because of pressing needs.
These needs could include:
- Course materials
The amount of funds each school will see is determined by several factors, such as the number of full-time students and the percentage of Pell-eligible students. It will be up to colleges and universities to determine which students receive these cash grants.
Check with your school’s financial aid office to see what its process will be for distributing these funds.
Do you have a federal work-study job that you can no longer do because your school or employer closed? You still may be entitled to multiple payments or a one-time grant for the remaining period you were set to work.
Check with your college to find out more.
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